CDK Cairns Defence Kombat



The chungdokwan academy started in 1944 and its first leader was Lee, won keuk. He was followed by song duk sung and then in 1957 by Grandmaster Uhm, woon kyu who is still president to this day.
In 1961 the Korean taekwondo association was formed and Grandmaster Uhm was appointed the first secretary general. He has since been appointed to the post of vice president of the World taekwondo feneration. Grandmaster Uhm was also the first military academy instructor and also the first military dan grading examiner in Korea. 

Grandmaster Uhm and the chungdokwan allocated the military section of the chungdokwan to General Choi, hong hi and special forces Major Nam, tae hi and also Han, cha kyo. It was further developed into the style that we now know, as that which is practiced by the International taekwondo federation. 

Grandmaster Uhm is also the president of the Seoul city taekwondo association. He is the source of modern day taekwondo and is responsible for the formulation of the rules of sports taekwondo fighting. He is also regarded by the thousands of students he has trained as a leader of taekwondo in Korea and throughout the world. Grandmaster Uhm, woon kyu has spent nearly all his life in the development of taekwondo. 

1909 - 1943

Japan occupied Korea for almost 35 years and during that era all forms of martial art systems were strictly forbidden and in the vast majority of cases the penalty for training was death. A calligrapher and taekwondo master named Han, il dong was the instructor of Choi, hong hi, who taught his students Taekyun (Taekyun was a practiced art that had roots long before taekwondo). In 1937 Choi was about 19 years of age, and one of the students of Master Han, il dong and it was at this stage he was sent to study calligraphy in Japan. At the outbreak of World War II, Choi was forced to join the Japanese armed forces, where he was trained in the Japanese Martial Art of Karate, within this period he was imprisoned in North Korea.

1944 - 1949

Korea was liberated from Japanese occupation in 1944 and saw the birth of the Chungdokwan, the first kwan in the world. The first ′Dojang′ was established, it′s name was Chungdokwan. The academy was sited in Yung chul Seoul, the first leader was Lee, won keuk, and the next was Song, duk sung. The academy′s name translated meant ′Blue Wave School′. Waves are sources of endless power and knowledge, thus the systems of the water principles was born.
After this period many other kwans were setup and other dojangs/schools were opened. Chungdokwan was adopted as the school of the Korean army, mainly because of the tough disciplined training and the great expertise of the instructors. Apart from the fact they were the first kwan and had the most stability and the hardest training system.
After 1944 many other kwans came into existence but few had the technical and fighting skill of the Chungdokwan. 

1950 - 1959

The start of this period was heralded as the end of the Korean war. In 1952 President Rhee of South Korean government decreed that all soldiers were to be trained in the military martial arts. Chungdokwan masters were to prvide most of the training to the units. In 1953 the specialized military section of the Chungdokwan was called the ′Ohdokwan′ was allocated by General Choi, hong hi and special forces Major Nam, tae hi with the assistance of Han, cha kyo (all these were senior grades out of the Chungdokwan). In 1954 the 29th infantry division under General Choi, hong hi became the spearhead of the Korean martial arts, their instructors were all Chungdokwan masters. Thus the elite division of the Korean army was given birth. Their flag being a martial arts fist. On 11th April 1955 a special board of masters and historians met to discuss a proposal for a national title. General Choi′s suggestion of the title of what is now regarded as the modern day′s name, taekwondo was adopted. Mainly as it closely resembled the origin of the name Taekyun. ′Tae′ means to hit with the foot, ′kwon′ means to strike with the fist and ′do′ means ′the way′. In 1957 a prominent figure in the development of the taekwondo and Chungdokwan, Grandmaster Uhm, woon kyu became the president of the Chungdokwan worldwide. He is still president to this day. 

1960 - 1969

During the early sixties there were at least 17 different kwans established in Korea. In 1961 the Korean taekwondo association was formed from the five senior kwans, all the others being disbanded. The first president being Choi, hong hi and the first secretary general being Grandmaster Uhm. In 1966 Grandmaster Uhm became the first military academy instructor and the first dan grade examiner. It was at this crossroads in time that Chungdokwan special forces instructors were sent to the Vietnam war. Among them were Nam, tae hi and Kim, yong ho. Alsoo within this period taekwondo was declared the national martial arts of Korea. General Choi was still in charge of the Ohdokwan which now has no links nor is in anyway related to the military, nor has any connection to the Chungdokwan. The international taekwondo federation was formed under General Choi. 

1970 - 1979

Many kwans were abolished, General Choi exiled himself due to political reasons, and the headquarters of the ITF was setip in Canada. In 1971 it was the intention of the then president of Korea Chung, hee park that taekwondo would become the national sport of Korea. 1973 saw the World Taekwondo Federation inaugurated in Korea as the national and worldwide body for the Korean martial art of Taekwondo. Grandmaster Uhm and Kim, yong ho have performed major roles in the federation of the WTF. 

1980 - Now

Grandmaster Uhm 10th who is the president of the world Chungdokwan and also a senior member of the WTF.